Prague

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Prague is the most precious Czech historical city site. It came into existence as a town when after 870 Prague Castle was built. In the 11th century, the first Czech king, Vratislav I, chose Prague as his capital. The city has always played an important part in the history of the nation, country and Europe. Since medieval times, Prague has been known as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

Down the centuries, major cultural and political personalities have paid homage to Prague; W. A. Mozart, L. van Beethowen, F. M. Dostojevskij, A. Rodin, O. Kokoschka, Elisabeth the Queen and John Paul II., just to name a few, have allowed the spirit and beauty of the city to enchant them. Its atmosphere has been reflected in the works of world-class artists, e.g. Alfons Mucha, Franz Kafka, Max Brod, Jan Neruda, Jaroslav Hasek, Jaroslav Seifert or Egon Erwin Kisch. Prague is not only the centre of cultural movements dating back for centuries; it also exhibits a unique collection of historical monuments, dominated by Prague Castle. Art from every period in history can be found here. Prague occupies both banks of Vltava River and consists of 6 districts: Old Town, Josefov (the part of Jewish town which remains the same today - currently a part of Old Town), New Town, Lesser Town, Hradcany and Vysehrad. These districts host the majority of historical landmarks, museums and galleries.

Prague has nearly 1,2 million inhabitants. It is the seat of the president of Czech Republic and home to all the main political, economical, cultural and educational institutions. In 1348 the Charles University was founded as one of the oldest universities in Europe. Prague is a gateway to the Czech Republic and it is an important Central European centre. In 1992, the historical core of the city (866 hectares) was listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register, as a town with a unique and lively blend of roman, gothic, renaissance, baroque, Art Nouveau and cubist architecture. Prague was one of nine European cities awarded the title European City of Culture 2000 by the Council of EC ministers.
Zveřejněno: 16.03.2010 –Jana Rambousková ; Přečteno 6039 x
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